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Northwest Reading Clinic students attend one hour per day, five days a week, Monday through Friday. All sessions are conducted one-on-one. Treatment length averages six to eight months if the student attends for one hour per day. Sessions generally last one hour, but may range from one to four hours per day. This intensive method allows students to improve and stabilize their skills in the shortest possible time. The length of treatment time varies depending upon the severity of the student's weaknesses, the age of the student, and the number of hours per day the student attends. Treatment time may be less for students who only need enhancement of their skills.

'If I found a friend of mine was going to come to NWRC, I'd say, 'Good for you. I hope it helps you as much as it helped me.'' - Leah S., age 12

Many of our students have a weakness in phonemic awareness, which results in reading and spelling difficulties. Students are unable to judge whether the sounds they pronounce match the letters they see. Thus, many guess from context or memorize words, as they do not have a reliable strategy to break words into parts and put them back together again.


  • Connect visual and auditory cues with mouth movements when sounds are spoken

  • Use mouth movements to self-correct reading and spelling errors

  • Process the number and sequence of sounds in words

  • Read and spell using common phonetic rules, prefixes, and suffixes

  • Omitting, reversing, repeating, substituting, adding sounds in words

  • Guessing from context as a primary strategy

  • Difficulty sounding out words

  • Omitting /adding little words or word endings


If a student has good phonemic awareness and poor visual memory for letters, many of his or her spelling errors will tend to be phonetically accurate. For instance, a student may spell the word enough as enuff or neighbor as nayber because these words do not follow common phonetic patterns. A student with poor sight word recognition also may struggle to read fluently.


  • Develop visual memory for letters to improve sight word recognition, word attack skills, and reading fluency

  • Become independent readers and spellers by visualizing 'unfair' words such as enough and answer as a whole

  • Eliminate guessing and develop ability to self-correct

  • Difficulty reading unfamiliar words

  • Demonstrates poor spelling

  • Slow reading due to poor sight word recognition


Individuals with weak comprehension do not accurately visualize the information they read or hear. Some image only bits and pieces of language, or try to recall each word and its definition from memory rather than make an overall image. This causes the student to struggle to remember information he or she reads or hears. It also leads to difficulties in analyzing information, determining the main idea, drawing conclusions, making predictions and inferences (cause and effect, etc.), and forming and justifying opinions.

Many students with poor comprehension are not diagnosed by school officials since they read and spell with ease. As students progress in school, a comprehension difficulty can lead to significant gaps in knowledge. Students may struggle to express themselves orally and in writing. Peer and family relationships may suffer since the student has difficulty understanding others, predicting consequences, following directions, and communicating.


  • Create detailed mental images from oral and written material

  • Use those pictures to answer questions and summarize information

  • Use mental images to build vocabulary

  • Create images at a single word level, building to grade level books and homework

  • Use images to organize thoughts for writing

  • Unclear, vague oral and written expression

  • Difficulty comprehending oral, written material

  • Difficulty following oral, written directions

  • Difficulty comprehending abstract concepts

  • Difficulty using age-appropriate vocabulary


People who have difficulty reading, spelling, and comprehending often have trouble with writing. Writing involves many skills, and for students with learning disabilities, it is often overwhelming to try to simultaneously generate ideas, organize them, put them into words and sentences, physically write those sentences, and use correct spelling and grammar. This process often leads to feelings of frustration and low self-confidence in writing.


  • Break down the task of writing into manageable steps

  • Organize thoughts and writing using a pre-writing map

  • Use strategies to revise and edit work

  • Write in various age-appropriate genres

  • Unable to organize ideas

  • Difficulty with spelling, punctuation, and grammar

  • Frustration when writing


People who have difficulty comprehending and remembering language may have similar problems with math. We work with students who have trouble doing math computation, as well as those who struggle to solve word problems.

  • Difficulty with logical and deductive reasoning

  • Confusion of signs in math problems

  • Difficulty understanding math concepts without manipulatives or pictures

  • Lining up numbers incorrectly

  • Difficulty solving word problems



  • Use imagery to first visualize number concepts, then solve computation and word problems

  • Use manipulative materials, visualizing techniques, and language to develop comprehension of basic math concepts

  • Develop math fact knowledge and mathematical reasoning skills

Language cues and rules are among the things we teach students to give them a reliable strategy for reading and spelling unfamiliar words.

Check out our original content to see examples of some of the rules our students learn! We'll add more videos as they are made.







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Spelling & Sight Words

Writing Development

Math Development


Dyslexia & Phonemic Awareness

Original Content

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